Question: What Mimics Narcolepsy?

Can you randomly develop narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy affects both males and females equally.

Symptoms often start in childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood (ages 7 to 25), but can occur at any time in life.

It is estimated that anywhere from 135,000 to 200,000 people in the United States have narcolepsy..

How is KLS similar to narcolepsy?

KLS is another disorder characterized by excessive sleepiness, but with different characteristics as compared to narcolepsy. KLS is characterized by extremely long sleep periods or prolonged night-time sleep.

How rare is KLS?

KLS is very rare, occurring at a rate of 1 in 1 million, which limits research into genetic factors. The condition primarily affects adolescent males, though females can also be affected and the age of onset varies.

Is Narcolepsy considered a mental illness?

However, narcolepsy is frequently misdiagnosed initially as a psychiatric condition, contributing to the protracted time to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Narcolepsy is a disabling neurodegenerative condition that carries a high risk for development of social and occupational dysfunction.

Is there a definitive test for narcolepsy?

Two tests that are considered essential in confirming a diagnosis of narcolepsy are the polysomnogram (PSG) and the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT). In addition, questionnaires, such as the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, are often used to measure excessive daytime sleepiness.

What is Kleine Levin Syndrome?

Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the need for excessive amounts of sleep (hypersomnolence), (i.e., up to 20 hours a day); excessive food intake (compulsive hyperphagia); and behavioral changes such as an abnormally uninhibited sexual drive. The disorder primarily affects adolescent males.

Can you be misdiagnosed with narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy Is Often Misunderstood, Misdiagnosed, or Simply Missed. Narcolepsy is a rare condition. About 1 in 2000 people in the US is estimated to have narcolepsy.

Is Hypersomnolence the same as narcolepsy?

Idiopathic hypersomnia is similar in presentation to narcolepsy, but patients with this condition have no sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) period, and naps are unrefreshing. In addition, idiopathic hypersomnia is not associated with cataplexy.

Does narcolepsy cause anxiety?

Recent studies have shown that narcolepsy is caused by defective hypocretin signaling. As hypocretin neurotransmission is also involved in stress regulation and addiction, this raises the possibility that mood and anxiety symptoms are primary disease phenomena in narcolepsy.

Does narcolepsy cause depression?

Many symptoms of narcolepsy—particularly sleep attacks and cataplexy—can cause great embarrassment and wreak havoc on your ability to live a normal life. These episodes can be frightening, and you may become depressed because of the sudden lack of control.

Narcoleptic patients are more prone to ADHD than the general population. As much as 30% of all patients suffering from narcolepsy without cataplexy and 15% of narcoleptics with cataplexy had symptoms of ADHD [21]. In a Swedish study, 25% of all narcolepsy patients had ADHD [22].

What are the five signs of narcolepsy?

There are 5 main symptoms of narcolepsy, referred to by the acronym CHESS (Cataplexy, Hallucinations, Excessive daytime sleepiness, Sleep paralysis, Sleep disruption). While all patients with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness, they may not experience all 5 symptoms.

What happens if narcolepsy goes untreated?

When left untreated, narcolepsy can be socially disabling and isolating. It often leads to the onset of depression. Type 2 diabetes mellitus may occur more often in people with narcolepsy.

What does a narcoleptic sleep attack feel like?

Sleepiness is often present during the day, but at times, the urgency to sleep is overwhelming (sleep attacks). Other symptoms of narcolepsy include: vivid dreams or hallucinations upon falling asleep (hypnogogic hallucinations) feeling paralyzed momentarily in sleep (sleep paralysis)

How do you get sleeping beauty syndrome?

The exact cause of KLS is unknown, but some doctors believe certain factors can increase your risk for this condition. For example, KLS may arise from an injury in the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that controls sleep, appetite, and body temperature.